The Memorial Fountain and Statue located in Memorial Square in downtown Chambersburg honors the town's role in the Civil War. A memorial stone at the foot of the soldier statue describes the destruction of the town in 1864. Located around Memorial Fountain is Memorial Square, with the Courthouse, Heritage Center, and Rose Rent Churches. Erected in 1878 to honor the men who fought in the Civil War, the fountain has stood for generations as an enduring symbol of rebirth. Chambersburg, the only town north of the Mason-Dixon Line to be burned during the Civil War, has their faithful Union soldier guarding the southern gate at the fountain. This historic spot is also where Generals Robert E Lee and A.P. Hill made the momentous decision to travel east to Gettysburg to engage the Union Army in 1863.